PCOS is one of the commonest metabolic disorders. It is the lifestyle syndrome
characterized by menstrual disturbances, acne, hirsutism, weight gain and obesity. The
prevalence is 61.18 % in young Kashmiri women. Even Indian National Family Survey
(NFHS) indicates that at least 60% of married Kashmiri women report one PCOS or more
reproductive health problems which are significantly higher in comparison to the all India
average of 40 %. It occurs in one in five women, the current incidence of PCOS is 5-6%
is fast increasing due to change in the lifestyle and stress. It is also becoming a common
problem amongst adolescents, developing soon after puberty. It is prevalent in young
reproductive age group (20-30%). PCOD is nowadays seen in young women who are
overweight. Many girls who develop PCOS are overweight in childhood and obesity is
clearly a risk factor.
The Study was conducted in the Regional Research Institute of Unani Medicine after
ethical approval. An Open Randomised clinical study was conducted on 66 patients
divided into two groups 33 patients in group A and 33 patients in group B. Diagnosed
females of PCOS between age 14 to 43 years were taken in the study after obtaining
written informed consent. There were some social parameters and some clinical
parameters that were taken in the study. The follow up was carried out after every 15
days. The results were taken after two months.
It is found that maximum PCOS patients were present in the age group of 20 – 25 years.
Out of 66 patients 56 were unmarried and 10 were married, 55 were of urban area and
only 11 were of rural area. It is found that occupation / work load has effect in PCOS,
students, scholars, working women suffers more in comparison to homemaker. Out of 66
patients 1 was from lower class, 1 was from upper class, 23 were from lower middle
class, 10 were from upper lower class and 31 belongs to upper middle class. The 60
patients have mixed dietary habit followed by 5 non vegetarian and 1 was pure
vegetarian. Out of 66 patients 30 were obese and their colour of skin was whitish, 29
were found of normal built whereas 7 patients were lean, suggests that it is usually occur
in fair and obese girls.
The determinants of health viz. age, marital status, genetics, race, ethnicity, nutrition,
environment and socioeconomic status have relationship with PCOS.